Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind

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Kerala State Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind (Song)

Blowin In The Wind Textual Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What does the word ‘roads’ refer to here?
Answer:
The word ‘roads’ here refers to the age, and experiences and sufferings of the person.

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Question 2.
Do these questions demand a specific answer? What do you call such questions?
Answer:
No, they don’t need. They are called rhetorical questions.

Question 3.
Why does the writer say that the answer is blowing in the wind?
Answer:
The writer says that the answer is blowing in the wind because nobody knows the answer. Everybody tries to get it, but it slips away from our hold.

Question 4.
How is the question about the mountain related to the other two questions in stanza 2?
Answer:
They all are unanswerable and thus they are related.

Question 5.
Who may be the ‘people’ and ‘man’ referred to in Stanza 2? What is the attitude of the writer towards them?
Answer:
The people are those who are denied their civil rights, like the Blacks in America or the people in colonies. ‘Man’ is the ruler or the Authority who does not want to see the suffering of those without freedom. He sympathizes with the people, but is angry at the man.

Question 6.
Pick out lines from the song that refer to the denial of civil rights.
Answer:
“How many times must a man look up before he can see the sky? How many ears must one man have before he can hear? How many deaths will it take till he knows that too many people have died?”

Question 7.
What attitude of the people is reflected in the refrain, ‘The answer is blowin’ in the wind’?
Answer:
It is the indifference of the people that is reflected in the refrain.

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Blowin In The Wind Textual Activities and Answers

Blowin In The Wind Let’s find out how language elements work

Activity 1

Question 1.

a. Read the following sentences and place them along appropriate headings in the box.

  • Had they finished shooting?
  • Theirtraining had not gone very bad.
  • The shots were too dark.
  • Do you think it is easy to set the animal free in the bamboo grove?
  • Goopy is banished by the king.
  • Could a tiger from Bharat circus do this job?
  • Bharat circus has two tigers with them.
  • MrThorat was the ring master of the circus.
  • Bagha has also been banished.
  • Were all ourplans going to go down the drain?.
Statements …………………………………………..
Questions …………………………………………..

Answer:
Statements

  • Their training had not gone very bad.
  • The shots were too dark.
  • Goopy is banished by the king.
  • Bharat circus has two tigers with them.
  • Mr Thorat was the ring master of the circus.
  • Bagha has also been banished.

Questions

  • Had they finished shooting?
  • Do you think it is easy to set the animal free in the bamboo grove?
  • Could a tiger from Bharat circus do this job?
  • Were all our plans going to go down the drain?

b. Analyse the statements that you have listed in the activity. Identify the verbs in them and out them in the appropriate column, according to their function as main verb or helping verb.

Main verb Auxiliary/helping verb
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..

Answer:

Main Verb  Auxiliary/Heloina verb
finished  had
gone  had
were think
 do ………………………………
banished  is
has ………………………………
was ………………………………
banished  has been
going  were

Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs:
Answer:
1. They are planning something different.
2. He was reading a book when I visited him.
3. MrThorat had (has) two tigers with him.
4. A tiger will be impossible to handle.
5. The shooting will need two more days’ time.

c. Fill in the blank columns in the table below. One is done for you.

Modal auxiliary Functions Used in meaningful sentences
will
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1. Making predictions
2. Offering to do something task.
3. Expressing determination
4. Making a formal request
5. Denoting future
1. It will rain in the evening.
2. I will help you complete this
3. I will speak to him tomorrow.
4. Will you open the window, please?
5. The train will leave at 4 o’clock.
would ………………………………………… …………………………………………
shall ………………………………………… …………………………………………
should ………………………………………… …………………………………………
can ………………………………………… …………………………………………
could ………………………………………… …………………………………………
may ………………………………………… …………………………………………
might ………………………………………… …………………………………………
must ………………………………………… …………………………………………
need ………………………………………… …………………………………………
dare ………………………………………… …………………………………………
ought to ………………………………………… …………………………………………
used to ………………………………………… …………………………………………

Answer:

Modal Auxiliary Functions Used in meaningful sentences.
Will 1. Making predictions
2. Offering to do something
3. Expressing determination
4. Making a formal request
5. Denoting future
It will rain this evening.
I will help you complete this task.
I will speak to him tomorrow.
Will you open the window, please?
The train will leave at 4 o’clock.
would 1. improbable condition
2. Polite request
If I had the money I would buy a car.
Would you open the window, please?
Shall 1. showing future
2. giving command
I shall do it tomorrow.
You shall do as you are told.
Should 1. giving advice
2. polite request
You should study hard.
Should I help you to carry that bag?
Can 1. showing ability
2. giving and taking permission
I can drive.
Can I go now? Yes, you can.
Could 1. showing past ability
2. making polite request
I could dance well when I was young.
Could you pick that book for me?
May 1. combines possibility with doubt
2. Used for wishing.
3. Asking and giving permission
It may rain. (Probability is more.)
May you live long!
May I go out? Yes, you may.
Might 1. combines possibility with doubt. It might rain. (Doubt is more.)
Note : Old grammars said ‘might’ as the past tense of ‘may’. But modern grammarians consider may and might as two independent verbs with their own separate past tenses. The past tense of ‘mav’ is ‘may have’ and the past tense of ‘might’ is ‘might have’. May shows more probability and might shows more doubt. Thus when we say “It may rain” the chances of rain are more than when we say “It might rain”.
Must shows obligation You must do it.
Need shows necessity I need to complete this work today.
Dare gives challenge Dare you call me a fool?
Ought to shows obligation You ought to do it today.
Used to shows past habits I used to smoke a lot.

d. Now consider the questions you have listed in section ‘a’.
“Had they finished the shooting?” How will you answer this question?
Yes, they had finished shooting.
Or
No. they hadn’t finished shooting.

These types of questions are called : Yes/No Questions or Affirmative Questions or Closed Questions.
Read the following sentences:
They are going to Madras.
Are they going to Madras?
Nandu was working all night.
Was Nandu working all night?
How do these questions begin?
What change is made in the word order of the statements to frame questions?
Answer:
They begin with the auxiliaries. The subject comes after the auxiliary. Then there is a question mark in the end instead of a full stop. Now try to frame questions for the following statements.

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a. Are they planning the same thing again?
Answer:
No, they are planning something different this time.

b. Have you ever travelled through a jungle?
Answer:
No, I have never travelled through a jungle.

c. Was he scolding the public when you reached there?
Answer:
Yes, he was scolding the public when I reached there.

d. Is it snowing?
Answer:
Yes, it is snowing.

e. Can he speak German?
Answer:
Yes, he can speak German.

Consider the following sentences:
He likes oranges. Does he like oranges?
They went to the nearby school. Did they go to the nearby school?
I drink tea. Do you drink tea?
(Note: In these sentences the auxiliary verb is hidden. So we use dummy auxiliaries according to the tense of the verb.)
Like – do + like (present)
Likes – does + like (present singular)
Liked – did – like (past)

Now, construct questions for the following sentences.
1. Yes, they come here frequently. Do they come here frequently?
2. Yes, I met him yesterday. Did you meet him yesterday?
3. Yes, they lived here for a long time. Did they live here for a long time?
4. Yes, we play cricket every day. Do you play cricket every day?
5. Yes, she speaks fluent French. Does she speak fluent French?

Note : Questions beginning with an auxiliary verb are called ‘Yes/No’ Questions or Affirmative questions. They are also called closed questions because they have two possible answers only: Yes or No. It is impossible to ask a Yes/No question without an auxiliary verb. Such questions do not ask for more information. They only seek confirmation or negation.

Activity 2

Question 2.
Read the following sentences from the memoir: Where is the shooting location?
How did the tiger react when the cage was opened? The words in bold are question words. Who, When, Why, Where, What. Which and How are question words normally used to ask questions. They are called ‘Wh-‘ questions.
Imagine you have an interview with Mr. Satyajit Ray. What questions will you ask? Complete the following conversations.
Answer:
You : Sir, where did you learn film technology? Ray : I learned it from Hollywood.
You : Who helped you there?
Ray : My friend Alfred Hitchcock helped me there. You : Which film’attracted you most?
Ray : Adventures of Rin Tin Tin attracted me the most.
You : What was your wish?
Ray : My wish was to make a film that beat Hollywood.
You : Why did you take such a risk with tigers?
Ray : I took such risk with tigers to make a wonderful film.
You : How long did it take to shoot the scene? Ray : It took two days to shoot the scene.
You : How far away was Notun Gram from here?
Ray : Notun Gram was twenty kilometres away from here.
You : How often do you visit Hollywood?
Ray : I visit Hollywood once in three months.
You : What kind of animals are used in Hollywood films?
Ray : Well trained animals are used in Hollywood films. ,
You : Thank you very much, Sir!
Ray : It’s okay!

Activity 3

Question 3.
Read the sentences given below and identify the noun phrase jmd verb phrase in them. One is done for you/
1. MrThorat nodded.
2. This puzzled me.
3. He was a South Indian.
4. MrThorat reached the shooting location.
Answer:
1. Mr. Thorat (Noun Phrase) + nodded (Verb Phrase).
2. This (NP) +puzzled me (VP).
3. He (NP) + was a South Indian (VP).
4. Mr Thorat (NP) + reached the shooting location (VP).

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b. Consider the following sentence.
Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 1

Now analyse the verb phrases in the following sentences.
1. went (verb) + to meet (Infinitive) + the manager (NP).
2. reached (V) + the shooting location (NP) + with the tiger (Prep. Phrase).
3. gives (V) + Ali (NP) + a small black bag (NP) + to put potatoes (Inf.).
4. was (aux.) + covered (past participle).
5. Question 2 is repeated.
6. were (Aux) + placed (Past Part.) + in the press (Prep. Phrase) + all overthe US (adverbial phase).
7. were (aux) + watching (ing-form) + a new and strange kind of circus (NP).

Thus the following forms, may appear along with a verb to form a verb phrase.
1. Auxiliary verbs
2. Prepositional Phrases
3. Adverbial phrases
4. Noun Phrases

It is to be noted that a verb phrase can even have a noun phrase accompanied by a determiner and an adjective.

c. Now let’s us analyse the function of a noun phrase and a verb phrase and its elements in the following sentences.
In sentence 1, ‘Mr. Thorat nodded.’
The noun phrase ‘Mr. Thorat’ functions as the subject of the sentence. The verb phrase acts as the verb.

In sentence 2, This puzzled me.
‘This’ is the noun phrase and it is the subject of the sentence. In the verb phrase, ‘puzzled me’ ‘puzzled’ is the verb and ‘me’ does the function of the object of the sentence.

In sentence 3, He was a South Indian.
‘He’ is the subject. The verb phrase here is ‘was a South Indian’. In it ‘was’ is the verb and ‘a South Indian’ is the complement.

In sentence 4, Mr. Thorat reached the shooting location.
The pattern is Mr. Thorat (Subject) + reached (verb) + the shooting location (adverbial).

The sentence pattern of the four sentences given above can be written as:
1. S + V
2. S + V + O
3. S + V + C
4. S + V + A

Write four sentences in the same pattern.
1. Mr. Bachan laughed. (S+V)
2. My uncle taught English. (S+V+O)
3. Shah Rukh Khan is a North Indian. (S+V+C)
4. The train came in time. (S+V+Adverbial)

Apart from these 4 sentence patterns there are 3 more basic sentence patterns in English.
They are:
1. S + V + O + O (e.g. Mr. Thorat gave Ray two tigers)
2. S + V + O + C (e.g. They painted the cage yellow)
3. S + V + O + A (e.g. Ray placed the camera on the tripod)

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Write three sentences keeping the same pattern:
Answer:
1. My father gave me a pen. (S + V + O + O)
2. They coloured the house green. (S + V + O + C)
3. The teacher placed the book on the table. (S + V + O + A)

Activity 4
Look at the following sentences from the memoir.
1. This job is done By their stand-ins.
2. Notices were placed in the press all over the United States.
3. Some films have been made in Bombay and Madras.
4. Goopy and Bagha could be petrified by the tiger.

Discuss:
Do the sentences have the similar pattern to those mentioned in Activity 4?
No.
What difference do you notice?
They all are in passive voice.

→ Write the above sentences in the S + V + Q Pattern.
Answer:
1. Their stand-ins do the job.
2. They placed notices in the press all over the United States.
3. They have made films in Bombay and Madras.
4. The tiger could petrify Goopy and Bagha.

Blowin In The Wind About the author:

Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 4
– Bob Dylan

Bob Dylan (b. 1941) is an American singer, songwriter, artist and writer. His early songs like ‘Blowin’ in the Wind’ and The Times They are a-Changing’ became anthems for the American Civil Rights and Anti-War Movements. His mid-1960 songs, backed by rock musicians, were some of the very best.

Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 6

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Blowin In The Wind Summary in English

Page 64 & 65
Line 1-8: How many roads should a man walk down before you can call him a man? How many seas should a white dove sail Before she sleeps on the sand? How many times should the cannon balls fly before they are banned forever? The answer to these questions, my friend, is blowing in the wind.

Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 5

Lines 9-16: How many years can a mountain exist before it is washed to the sea? How many years can some people live before they are allowed to be free? How many times can a man turn his head and pretend that he just does not see?

Lines 17-24: How many times must a man look up before he can see the sky? How many years must one man have before he can hear people cry? How many deaths will it take till he knows that too many people have died?

The answer, my friend, is blowing in the wind.

Blowin In The Wind Summary in Malayalam

Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 7

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Blowin In The Wind Glossary

Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 2
Kerala Syllabus 10th Standard English Solutions Unit 2 Chapter 3 Blowin’ in the Wind 3

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