Plus One Bussiness Studies Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 9 Small Business

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Kerala Plus One Bussiness Studies Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 9 Small Business

Plus One Small Business Two Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Define small scale industries.
Answer:
Small scale industry:
A small scale industrial undertaking is defined as one in which the investment in fixed assets of plant and machinery does not exceed rupees one crore.

Plus One Bussiness Studies Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 9 Small Business

Question 2.
State the features of cottage industries.
Answer:
Cottage industries:
cottage industries are characterised by certain features:

  1. These are organised by individuals, with private resources.
  2. Normally use family labour and locally available talent.
  3. The equipment used is simple.
  4. Capital investment is small.
  5. Produce simple products, normally in their own premises.
  6. Production of goods using indigenous technology.

Plus One Small Business Three Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Discuss the problems faced by small scale industries. (3)
Answer:
Problems of small business:
Small businesses are faced with the following problems:

  1. Small scale industries find it difficult to get adequate finance from banks and other financial institutions.
  2. They are not able to get quality raw materials at reasonable prices.
  3. Small business is generally operated by people who may not have all the managerial skills required to run the business.
  4. Small business firms cannot afford to pay higher salaries to the employees. So productivity per employee is relatively low and employee turnover is generally high.
  5. Small business depends excessively on middlemen for marketing the products. Middlemen exploit them by paying low price and delayed payments.
  6. Small business organization uses outdated technology to produce products. So they cannot compete with global enterprises with low quality products.
  7. Due to lack of marketing skills or lack of demand, many small business firms have to operate below full capacity.
  8. Use of outdated technology results low productivity and uneconomical production.
  9. Small-scale units find it very difficult to compete .with the product of multinational companies which are comparatively very cheap and of better quality
  10. Other important problems are poor project planning, inefficient management, transportation problems, lack of power, and lack of adequate warehousing, etc.

Plus One Small Business Four Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Write short note on

  1. NSIC
  2. DIC (4)

Answer:
1. National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC):
This was set up in 1955 to promote, aid and foster the growth of small scale units in India.
Functions of NSIC :

  • It supplies imported machines and raw materials to small scale industries on easy hire-purchase schemes.
  • It exports the products of small units.
  • It provides technology to small scale Industries.
  • Helps in up-gradation of technology
  • Provides advisory service
  • Developing software technology parks and technology transfer centres.

2. The District Industries Centers (DICs):
DICs were established in May 1978. District Industries Centers is the institution at the district level which provides all the services and support facilities to the entrepreneurs for setting up small and village industries. Identification of suitable schemes, preparation of feasibility reports, arranging for credit, machinery and equipment, provision of raw materials and other extension services are the main activities undertaken by these centers.

Plus One Bussiness Studies Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 9 Small Business

Question 2.
What measures has the government taken to solve the problem of finance and marketing in the small scale sector? (4)
Answer:
Government assistance to small Industries and Small Business:
Institutional Support:
1. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD):
NABARD was set up in 1982 to promote integrated rural development.
Functions of NABARD:

  • It provides financial support to small Industries, cottage and village industries and agriculture.
  • It provides counseling and consultancy services.
  • It also organises training and development programme for rural entrepreneurs.

2. The Rural Small Business Development Centre (RSBDC):
It aims at providing management and technical support to current and prospective micro and small entrepreneurs in rural areas. RSBDC has organized several programmes on rural entrepreneurship, skill upgradation workshops, training programmes, etc.

3. National small Industries Corporation (NSIC):
This was set up in 1955 to promote, aid and foster the growth of small scale units in India.
Functions of NSIC :

  • It supplies imported machines and raw materials to small scale industries on easy hire-purchase schemes.
  • It exports the products of small units.

4. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI):
SIDBI was set up in 1980. SIDBI is the main financial Institution for financing and development of small Business in India.
Functions of SIDBI:

  • Helps SSI unit for modernization and technology upgradation by providing loan
  • Meet working capital requirements of SSI.

5. The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS):
The NCEUS was constituted in September, 2004.
The objectives of NCEUS:

  • To recommend measures for improving the productivity of small enterprises
  • To generate more employment opportunities in rural areas

6. Rural and Women Entrepreneurship Development (RWED):
RWE provides the following services:

  • Creating a business environment that encourages initiatives of rural and women entrepreneurs.
  • Enhancing the human and institutional capacities required to foster entrepreneurial dynamism and enhance productivity.
  • Providing training manuals for women entrepreneurs and training them.
  • Rendering all types of advisory services.

7. World Association for Small and Medium Enterprises (WASME):
It is the only International Non-Governmental Organisation of micro, small and medium enterprises based in India, which set up an International Committee for Rural Industrialisation. Its aim is to develop an action plan model for sustained growth of rural enterprises.

There are several schemes to promote the non-farm sector initiated by the Government of India, i.e. IRDP, PMRY, TRYSEM, JRY, Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA) etc.

Plus One Bussiness Studies Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 9 Small Business

8. Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI):
To make the traditional industries more productive and competitive, the Central Government set up a fund with₹100 crores.
The main objectives of the scheme are as follows:

  • To develop clusters of traditional industries in various parts of the country
  • To make traditional industries competitive, profitable and sustainable
  • To create employment opportunities in traditional industries.

9. The District Industries Centers (DICs):
DICs were established in May 1978. District Industries Centers is the institution at the district level which provides all the services and support facilities to the entrepreneurs for setting up small and village industries.

Identification of suitable schemes, preparation of feasibility reports, arranging for credit, machinery and equipment, provision of raw materials and other extension services are the main activities undertaken by these centers.

Plus One Small Business Five Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
What are the incentives provided by the Government for industries in backward and hilly areas? (5)
Answer:
Incentives:
The incentives offered by the government to develop backward areas are:

  1. Availability of land at concessional rate.
  2. Supply power at a concessional rate of 50% or exempt such units from payment in the initial years.
  3. Water is supplied on a no-profit, no-loss basis or with 50 percent concession or exemption from water charges for a period of 5 years.
  4. All union territories, industries are exempted from sales tax,
  5. Most states have abolished octroi.
  6. Units located in backward areas get scarce raw materials at concessional rates.
  7. Subsidy of 10-15% for building capital asset. Loans are offered at concessional rates.
  8. Some states encourage setting up of industrial estates in backward areas.
  9. Exemption from paying taxes for 5 or 10 years is given to industries established in backward, hilly and tribal areas.

Plus One Bussiness Studies Chapter Wise Questions and Answers Chapter 9 Small Business

Question 2.
Small scale industrial sector has an important role in Indian economy. To meet the financial and developmental needs of small business in India a separate bank had been set up. (5)

  1. Give the name of the bank.
  2. What are its major functions?

Answer:
1. SIDBI: Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI). SIDBI was set up in 1980. SIDBI is the main financial Institution for financing and development of small Business in India.

2. Functions of SIDBI:

  • Helps SSI unit for modernisation and technology upgradation by providing loan
  • Meet working capital requirements of SSI.
  • Provides means forthe rehabilitation of sick units
  • Provides service like leasing, hire purchase, venture capital financing etc.
  • Provide equity support to small entrepreneurs.

Plus One Small Business Six Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Describe the role of small business in rural India. (6)
Answer:
Role of small business in Rural India:

  1. Cottage and rural industries provide employment opportunities in the rural areas especially for the traditional artisans and the weaker sections of society.
  2. It prevents migration of rural population to urban areas in search of employment.
  3. Small business helps to eradicate poverty, income inequalities, etc in rural area.
  4. Small scale industries are powerful instrument for the accelerated industrial growth and creating productive employment in rural and backward areas.

Plus One Small Business Eight Mark Questions and Answers

Question 1.
How do small scale industries contribute to the socio-economic development of India? (8)
Answer:
Role of small business in India:

  1. Small industries are labour intensive and less capital intensive. They generate more number of employment opportunities.
  2. The share of product from small industries is 45% of total export from India. So it earn valuable foreign exchange.
  3. Small scale Industries produces a wide variety of goods e.g. readymade garments, stationery, soaps, leather goods, plastic and rubber goods.
  4. The contribution of small industries to the balanced regional development of the country is very significant.
  5. Small industries provide ample opportunity for entrepreneurship.
  6. It enjoys the advantage of low cost of production because they used local resources in their product.
  7. Due to the small size of the organisation, quick and timely decisions can be taken without consulting many people.
  8. Small industries are best suited for the products which are designed according to the taste, needs and preferences of the customers.
  9. Small industries maintain good personal relations with both customers and employees.

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