Plus One Chemistry Model Question Paper 1

Kerala Plus One Chemistry Model Question Paper 1

Time Allowed: 2 hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum Marks: 60

General Instructions to candidates

• There is a ‘cool off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time.
• Use the ‘cool off time’ to get familiar with questions and to plan your answers.
• Read the instructions carefully.
• Read questions carefully before answering.
• Calculations, figures and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
• Malayalam version of the questions is also provied.
• Give equations wherever necessary.
• Electronic devices except non programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 IMP 1

Answer all questions from question numbers 1 to 7. Each carry one score.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 IMP 2

Question 1:
Give the equation showing relation between empirical formula and molecular formula of a compound.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q1

Question 2:
Which of the following transition of electron in the hydrogen atom will emit maximum energy ?
i. n5 → n4
ii. n4 → n3
iii. n3 → n2
iv. same in all transition
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q2

Question 3:
The geometry and type of hybridisation of central atom in BF3 are
i. linear, SP
ii. tetrahedral, SP3
iii. trigonal planar,SP2
iv. Pyramidal, SP3
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q3
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q3A

Question 4:
Arrange the following elements in the increasing order of first ionisation energy: Li, Be,B
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q4

Question 5:
The compressibility factor of an ideal gas is …………
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q5

Question 6:
What is the molecular formula of Buck ministers fullerene ?
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q6

Question 7:
Ozone layer depletion in Antarctica is due to the formation of the compound
i. acrolein
ii. formaldehyde
iii. SO2 and SO3
iv. chlorine nitrate
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q7

Answer any ten from question numbers 8 to 20. Each carries two scores.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 IMP 3

Question 8:
In the two oxides of carbon, the mass ratio of oxygen is 1.33 : 2.66. Identify the law illustrated by the above ratio and state the law.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q8

Question 9:
Using s, p, d notation describe the orbitals with following set of quantum number.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q9
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q9A

Question 10:
A set of molecules are given below:
NaCl, O2, KCl, BF3, PCl5
a. Classify the molecules into ionic and covalent compounds.
b. Classify the above molecules into those obeying octet rule and those not obeying octet rule.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q10

Question 11:
Identify the extensive and intensive properties from the following :
density, internal energy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q11

Question 12:
Match the following:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q12
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q12A

Question 13:
Derive the relation between Kp and Kc of a gaseous reversible reaction.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q13

Question 14:
a. What is Buffer solution ?
b. How a basic buffer can be prepared ?
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q14

Question 15:
Briefly explain the bonding in diborane.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q15

Question 16:
Nitrogen, sulfur, halogen and phosphorous present in an organic compound are detected by Lassaigne’s test. Explain Lass aignes test for detecting nitrogen?
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q16

Question 17:
Write Van der Waals equation for one-mole gas and also write the physical significance of Van der Waals constants,
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q17

Question 18:
Complete the reaction.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q18

Question 19:
Predict the products formed by addition reaction of HBr to but -1- ene in the presence of peroxide and in the absence of peroxide.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q19

Question 20:
Give any two importance of green chemistry in day-to-day life.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q20

Answer any seven from question numbers 21 to 29. Each carries three scores.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 IMP 4

Question 21:
Calculate the number of atoms in each of the following.
a. 14 g of Nitrogen (N2).
b. 14 mole atom Nitrogen (N2)
c. 14 U of Nitrogen (N2).
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q21

Question 22:
a. Identify the position of the elements in the periodic table having outer electronic configuration.
i. ns2np4 with n = 3
ii. (n-1)d2 ns2 with n=4.
b. “Removal of electron from an atom become easier on moving down the group.” Give reason.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q22

Question 23:
a. Write the two postulates of Kinetic molecular theory of gases responsible for deviation of real gases from ideal behaviour.
b. What is Boyle point ?
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q23

Question 24:
a. Derive the equaion for Gibbs energy change (∆G ) in terms of ∆H and ∆S.
b. Write any two condition for which G becomes negative according to Gibbs equation.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q24

Question 25:
Decomposition of PC15 can be represented as
PCl5(g) → PCl3(g)+ Cl2(g)
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q25
∆H = 124.0KJmol-1
Describe the effect of the following on the above equilibrium ?
a. addition of PCl5
b. increase in pressure.
c. increase in temperature

Question 26:
Explain the following reactions.
a. CO is heated with ZnO
b. Boric acid is added to water
c. BF3 with NaH.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q26

Question 27:
Balance the following redox reaction using oxidation number or ion-electron method :
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q27

Question 28:
What causes the temporary and permanent hardness of water ? Give one method to remove permanent hardness ?
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q28

Question 29:
Analyze the given compound.
C2H5C(CH3) = C(CH3)C2H5
a. Write the IUPAC name of the compound.
b. Draw the structures of the geometrical isomers possible for the compound.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q29

Answer any three from question numbers 30 to 33. Each carries four scores.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 IMP 5

Question 30:
a. Write the Schrodinger wave equation and explain the terms.
b. Draw the boundary surface diagrams of any four 3d orbitals.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q30

Question 31:
Compare the relative stability of the following species and indicate their magnetic properties based on molecular orbital theory.
O2 and O2+
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q31

Question 32:
By passing Cl2 gas through a solution, gets bleaching powder
a. Write the balanced chemical equation for above reaction.
b. What happens if CO2 gas is passed instead of Cl2 and write the balanced chemical equation.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q32

Question 33:
Which of the following carbocation is most stable ?
(CH3)3C+, (CH3)2CH+, CH3CH2CH2+
Justify your answer
b. Write the principle involved in the distillation of organic compound under reduced pressure ? Give an example.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 Q33

Answers

Answer 1:
Relation between empirical and molecular formula,
MF = (EF) x n
Where n is a simple whole number

Answer 2:
n3 → n2

Answer 3:
Triagonal planar, SP2

Answer 4:
Be > B > Li

Answer 5:
The deviation from ideal behaviour is measured in terms of compressibility factor Z, which is the ratio of product PV and nRT.

Answer 6:
C60

Answer 7:
Chlorine nitrate

Answer 8:
Law of Multiple Proortions
According to this law, if two elements can combine to form more than one compound the masses of one element that combine with a fixed mass of the other element are in the ratio of small whole numbers.

Answer 9:
a. 4P
b. 3d

Answer 10:
a. lonic : NaCl, KCl
Covalent: BF3, PCl53, O2
b. Obeying octet rule – NaCl, KCl, O2
Not obeying Octet rule : BF3, PCl5

Answer 11:
Extensive : Heat capacity, Internal energy
Intensive : density, molar heat capacity

Answer 12:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A12

Answer 13:
Kp = Kc (RT)∆n

Answer 14:
a. The solutions which resist change in pH on dilution or with the addition of small amounts of acid or alkali are called Buffer Solutions.
b. Basic buffer : Buffer mixture of a weak base and its salt with a strong acid,
e.g., NH4OH and NH4Cl (pH = 9.25)

Answer 15:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A15

In boron atom lies one plane. Above and below this plane, there are 2 bridging H- atom. Each bridged H atom is bonded to 2 boron atom only by sharing of 2 electrons. Such a bond is called 3 centered 2 electron bond. Thus diborane have two (B-H-B) bonds, ie., two 3-centered 2 electron bond and four (B-H) bonds, ie., four 2 centered 2 electron bond.

Answer 16:
By fusing organic compound with sodium metal, the elements present in the compound forms corresponding water soluble salts.

Detection of Nitrogen:
N exist as NaCN in sodium fusion extract.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A16
On heating with con.H2SO4, Fe2+ oxidised to Fe3+ to give prussion blue in colour.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A16a

Detection of Halogens:
Halogen exist as halides (max.) in fusion extract. Mien AgNO3 and HNO3 is added they form AgX.
X + Ag+ AgX; (X = Cl, Br, I)
AgCl – white ppt
Agl – yellow ppt
AgBr – pale yellow

Detection of Suphur:
Sulphur as Na2S is fusion extract when sodium nitroprusside added gives violet colour.
Na2S + Na2[Fe(CN)5N0)] → Na4[Fe(CN)5 NOS] (violet colour)

Detection of Phosphorus:
The compound is heated with oxidising reagent (Sodium peroxide). The phosphorous present in the compound is oxidised to phosphate. The solution is boiled with nitric acid and then treated with ammonium molybdate. A yellow colouration or precipitate indicates the presence of phosphorus.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A16b

Answer 17:
There is deviation from ideal behaviour at high pressure and low temperaure. This is due to two faulty assumptions in kinetic theory of gases. It is corrected by van der Waal’s equation.
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A17
where n is the number of moles of the gas a and b are van der Waal’s constants.

Answer 18:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A18

Answer 19:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A19

Answer 20:
Dry cleaning of clothes. Tetra chloro ethene (Toxic and contaminates ground water) which is used as solvent for dry cleaning is replaced by liquified CO2.
• Bleaching of paper. Cl2 gas is replaced H2O2.
• Synthesis of chemicals.

Answer 21:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A21

Answer 22:
i. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Block – p block
Atomic number – 16
Group – 16th group
Period – 3
Element – Sulphur

ii. 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d2 4s2
Block – d block
Atomic number – 22
Group – 4 th group
Period – 4
Element – Ti

b. Down a group, the outermost electron being increasingly farther from the nucleus, there is an increased shielding of the nuclear charge by the electrons in the inner levels. In this case increase in shielding out weights the increasing nuclear charge and the removal of the outermost electrons requires less energy down a group.

Answer 23:
a. Maxwell, Boltzmann and others put forward a theoretical model of the gas. The theory is known as kinetic molecular theory of gases or microcopic model of gases.

Postulates of kinetic molecular theory are:
• All gases are made up of a large number of extremely small particles called molecules.
• The molecules are separated from one another by large distances so that the actual volume of the molecules is negligible as compared to the total volume of gas.
• The molecules are in a state of continuous rapid motion in all directions. During their motion, they keep on colliding with one another and also with the walls of the container.

b. The temperature at which a real gas obeys ideal gas law over an appreciable range of pressure is called Boyle temperature or Boyle point.

Answer 24:
a. Neither decrease in enthalpy nor increase in entropy alone can determine the direction of spontaneous hange for these systems. For this purposes, we define a new thermodynamic function the Gibbs energy or Gibbs function, G as
G = H – TS
The change in Gibbs energy for the system
∆Gsys = ∆Hsys – T∆Ssys – Ssys ∆T
At constant temperature, ∆T = 0
∆Gsys = ∆Hsys

Usually the subscript ‘ system’ is dropped and we simply write this equation as
∆G = ∆H – T∆S
Gibbs energy change = enthalpy change – temperature x entropy change.
It is reffered to as the Gibbs equation.
b. 1. ∆G is always -ve for a spontaneous process.
2. ∆G became negative for a reactions which are spontaneous only at a low temperature.

Answer 25:
a. Shift the equilibrium in the forward reaction
b. Increase of pressure shift the equilibrium towards left (backward direction) where then no.of particle is less.
c. Increasing temperature shift the equilibrium in the forward direction as it is endothermic.

Answer 26:
a. ZnO(s) + CO (g) \(\underrightarrow { \Delta }\) Zn(s) + C02
Extraction of metals

b. When boric acid is added to water, it accepts electrons from -OH ion. Boric acid is sparingly soluble in cold water i however fairly soluble in hot water, boric acid behaves as a weak monobasic acid. It doesn’t act as proton donor, beh- 0 aves as a lewis acid, it accepts a pair of electrons.
B(OH)3 + 2HOH → [B(OH)4] + H3O+
450 A:
c. 2BF3 + 6 NaH \(\underrightarrow { 450K }\) B2H6 + 6 NaF
Diborane is produced on an industrial scale by the reaction of BF3 with sodium hydride.

Answer 27:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A27

Answer 28:
Temporary hardness is due to presence of bicarbonates of Ca and Mg in water. Permanent hardness is due to presence of chlorides and sulphates of Ca and Mg in water. Permanent hardness re¬moved by ion exchange method or permutit process (Zeolite).

Answer 29:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A29

Answer 30:
a. Erwin Schrodinger developed an atomic model taking into account both the wave and particle nature of elecron. This equation is known as shrodinger wave equation. For a system the schrodinger equation is written as
H\(\Psi\) = E\(\Psi\), where h is a mathematical operatior called Hamiltonian. Schrodinger gave a recipe of constructing this operator from the expression for the total energy of the system. The total energy of the system takes into accountthe kinetic energiesofallthe subatomic particles attractive potential bet-ween the electrons and nuclei and repuisive potential among the electrons and nuclei individually. Solution of this equation gives E and \(\Psi\).
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A30

Answer 31:
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A31
Plus One Chemistry Model Question Papers Paper 1 A31a

Answer 32:
a. 2Ca(OH)2 + 2Cl2 → CaCl2 + Ca(OCl)2 + 2H2O Bleaching powder
b. When CO2 is passed through lime water Ca(OH)2 it turns milky due to the formation of calcium carbonate.
Ca(OH)2 + CO2 → CaCO3 + H2O

Answer 33:
a. (CH3)C+ >(CH3)2CH+ > CH3CH2CH2+

Carbocations are classified as primary, secondary or tertiary. Its stability follows the order 3° > 2° > 1° due to inductive effect and hyperconjugation.
b. This method is used to purify liquids having very high boiling points and those, which decompose at or below their boiling points. Such liquids are made to boil at a temperature lower than their normal boiling points by reducing the pressure on their surface. The pressure is reduced with the help of a water pump or vacuum pump.

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