Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018

Kerala Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Paper 2018

Time Allowed: 2 hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum Marks: 60

Answer Question number 1, which carries 5 scores.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018
Question 1.
Match the columns ‘B’ and ‘C’ with column ‘A’.

A B C
a. Mean Equity in agriculture No correlation
b. Land reforms r = 0 Ayurveda
c. China Median Land ceiling
d. The coefficient of correlation Yoga Commune system
e. Ayush Growth due to manufacturing Mode

Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.1
Answer all questions from question numbers 2 to 6. Each carry 1 score
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.2
Question 2.
The stage of demographic transition prevailed in India before 1921 was…………
a. First state
b. Second stage
c. Third stage
d. None of the above 1921
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.3

Question 3.
Operation flood is connected with………….
a. fish production
b. food grains production
c. milk production
d. vegetable production
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.4

Question 4.
Non-sampling error can be minimized by taking……
a. small sample
b. large sample
c. medium sample
d. None of these
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.78

Question 5.
Frequency distribution of two variables is known as……….
a. Univariate distribution
b Bivariate distribution
c. Multivariate distribution
d. None of these
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.81
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.82

Question 6.
The index number is used in India to measure the changes in retail prices.
a. Consumer price index
b. Wholesale price index
c. Producer price index.
d. None of these
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.6

Answer all questions from question numbers 7 to 11. Each carries 2 scores.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.7
Question 7.
Now India is one of the industrially growing economies in the World. In light of this, analyze the state of the industrial sector during the British Period in India.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.8

Question 8.
Unemployment is one of the major hurdles in India’s growth path. In this context, differentiate the concepts of open unemployment and disguised unemployment.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.9

Question 9.
National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) is a national level agency to collect process and tabulate the statistical data. Find the other two national level agencies.
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.87

Question 10.
Statistics is an indispensable tool for an economist. It helps him to understand an eco­nomic problem. List the other two uses
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.88

Question 11.
India and Pakistan followed similar develop­ment strategies in many areas. Identify any four.
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.89

Answer any 6 questions from question numbers 12 to 18. Each carries 3 scores.

Question 12.
The Government of India has replaced planning commission with a new institution named NITI Aayog (National Institution for Trans¬forming India) Economic planning should have some clearly specific goals. Briefly analyze any three major goals of economic planning.
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.90

Question 13.
Census method and sampling survey are gen­erally used to collect the data. Being an economics student, point out the three merits of census method student, point out the three merits of census method.
Plus One Model Economics Question Papers Paper 2.91

Question 14.
Draw a pie diagram based on the following data.

Course No. of Students
Science 240
Commerce 180
Humanities 120
Computer Science 120

Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.11
Question 15.
Calculate the simple aggregative price index

Commodities Price
2010 (P0) 2015 (P1)
A 100 110
B 75 80
C 200 250
D 50 60

Question 16.
The following are the steps towards mak­ing a project. Arrange them orderly. Choice of the target group, Conclusion, Orga­nization and presentation of data, Analy­sis and interpretation Collection of data, Identifying a problem on an area of study.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.12
Question 17.
The Government of India adopted three di­mensional approaches to attack poverty in the country. Briefly analyze the third approach of “Provide minimum basic facili­ties to the people”.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.13
Question 18.
Poverty means not having enough money for basic needs such as food, drinking water, shelter or toilets. Briefly explain the major causes of poverty in India. How do you mea­sure it?
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.16
Answer any 4 questions from question numbers 19 to 23. Each carries 4 scores.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.15
Question 19.
Under the various articles of the Indian Con­stitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. On this context analyze the education sector in India.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.17

Question 20.
Rural development is the process of improv­ing the quality of life and economic well be­ing of people living in rural areas. Specify the areas which are challenging and need fresh initiatives for rural development.
Elucidate
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.18

Question 21.
Convert the inclusive method into an exclusive method in the table given below and fill up the other columns based on the exclusive classes.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.19

Question 22.
The following table shows the scores ob­tained by 5 dancers in a dance competition. Find the rank correlation coefficient.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.20

Question 23.
Draw a multiple bar diagram
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.22
Answer any 2 question from question numbers 27 to 29 .Each carries 8 scores.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.21
Question 24.
The Government of India started economic reforms in 1991. After 25 years of its incep­tion, being a student of Economics analyze the impact of economic reforms in the sec­tors of agriculture and industry in India.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.23

Question 25.
Energy is one of the major inputs for eco­nomic development. Prepare a note on the conventional and nonconventional sources of energy and their consumption in India
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.24
Answer any 2 questions from question numbers 27 to 29. Each carries 8 scores.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.25
Question 26.
Environment and sustainable development are interconnected. The environmental issues arises due to the developmental activities in the country which directly threatens India’s environment. Explain.
(Hints: Sustainable development, India’s environment, Global warming, Ozone, Depletion, Pollutions etc.)
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.26
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.27

Question 27.
Calculate the Arithmetic Mean, Median, and Mode from the following data
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.28
Question 28.
Calculate the standard deviation and coefficient of variation! from the following data.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.29

Answers

Answer 1.

A B C
a. Mean Median Mode
b. Land reforms Equity in agriculture Land ceiling
c. China Growth due to manufacturing Commune system
d. The coefficient of correlation r = 0 No correlation
e. Ayush Yoga Mode

Answer 2.
First stage

Answer 3.
Milk Production

Answer 4.
small sample

Answer 5.
Bivariate Distribution

Answer 6.
Consumer Price Index

Answer 7.
We saw earlier in the British economic policy in India had twin objectives of converting India into a source of raw material for British industry and a market for British industry.

Impact on the industrial sector.

  • The result was the destruction of Indian handicrafts and massive unemployment.
  • The machine made goods of Britain were cheaper than Indian handicrafts products.
  • This led to the substitution of local products with foreign goods. Thus India becomes a good market for British goods.
  • The growth rate in the industrial sector was low.
  • During the British period, the capital goods industry did not develop.
  • The contribution of industry to the GDP level continued to remain low during the British period.

Answer 8.
Open unemployment:

  1. Open employment refers to the situation in which an individual has no job and unable to earn his livelihood.
  2. This unemployment is; clearly visible.
  3. People’s unemployment will affect the production of goods and services in an economy.
  4. Country’s labor force does not get opportunities for adequate employment
  5. In Open Employment the landless agricultural laborers in rural areas face this.

Disguised unemployment:

  1. Disguised unemployment refers to the situation in which people work at a place where there is no more people are required.
  2. This unemployment is hidden.
  3. People’s unemployment won’t affect the production of goods and services because here already more than the requirement of people are working so if they leave that’s not a big deal.
  4. The work is not constantly available or too many people are employed for the same work that does not require so many hands.
  5. This is generally found in an unorganized sector where either work is not constantly available or too many people are employed for the same work that does not require so many hands.

Answer 9.

  1. National Sample Survey Organization
  2. Central Statistical Organisation
  3. Labour Bureau
  4. RGI

Answer 10.

  1. Statistics is an indispensable tool for economists. Because it enables on the environment to present economic facts in a precise and definite form that nips in proper comprehension of what is stated.
  2. Statistics is nips in considering the mass of data into a few numerical measures such as (mean, variance etc.) These nominal resources help summarise data.
  3. It helps in the establishment of a correlation between the two facts

Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.30
Answer 11.
1. India and Pakistan both started their de­velopment process on economic planning after getting independence in 1947.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.31
2. Both of them have adopted the mixed economic system involving the co-existence of both the public and the private sector.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.32
3. Both of them introduced economic reforms around the same time to strengthen their economies. Pakistan initiated reforms in 1988 and India followed in 1991.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.33
4. They both have announced First Five Year plans for growth and development
5. Both the countries relied more on the public sector for initiating the process of growth and development.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.34

Answer 12.
Goals of NITI Aayog

  1. To evolve a shared vision of national development priorities sectors and strat­egies with the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives.
  2. To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mecha­nisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation.
  3. To develop mechanisms to formulate cred­ible plans at the village level and aggre­gate these progressively at higher levels of government.
    To ensure, on areas that are specifically referred to it, that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy.
  4. To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress.
  5. To design strategic and long-term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learned through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corre­ctions.

Answer 13.
A complete enumeration of all the items in an in the population is known as Census survey. It is also known as complete enumeration method.

Merits

  • The result obtained will be highly accurate and more reliable.,
  • This method is free from sampling errors.
  • All the characters are the universe and are maintained in the original.
  • Collected data is useful for further studies
  • We can study each unit in details, under this method

Answer 14.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.35
Answer 15.

Commodities Price
2010 (P0) 2015 (P1)
A 100 110
B 75 80
C 200 250
D 50 60
Total 425 500

Answer 16.

  • Identify a problem on an area of study
  • Choice of the target group
  • Collection of data
  • Organisation & Presentation of data
  • Analysis and Interpretation
  • Conclusion

Answer 17.
Social security measure
1. Rural Employment Generation Programme: It is implemented through the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), To help eligible entrepreneurs to set up village industry units. Under this programme, entrepreneurs can establish village industries by availing of margin money assistance from KVIC and loans from public sector scheduled commercial banks, selected regional rural banks. Under REGP, bank appraises the projects as per the scheme and take credit decision.

2. Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY): In this programme help to set up any kind of enterprise that generates employment for the educated unemployed from low-income families in rural and urban areas.
Lack of infrastructure

3. Swama Jayanthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY): The urban self-employment Programme and the Urban Wage Employment Programme are two special scheme of the SJSRY, initiated in December 1997.

Answer 18.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.37
The following are the measures to solve the problem of poverty in a village like that of mine.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.38
Poverty line:
The poverty line is the cut-off point which di­vides population as poor and non-poor. The cutoff point can be on a line of distribution of income. People whose incomes are be­low the poverty line are poor and those whose incomes are above the poverty line are non-poor. This measures of poverty are known as the headcount ratio. Because we are count­ing the number of heads below the poverty line.

Answer 19.
Education provides knowledge to understand changes in society and scientific adva­ncements, thus, facilitate inventions and inn­ovations, Similarly, the availability of educ­ated labour force facilitates adaptation to new technologies. Economic growth means the increase in real national income of a country; naturally, the contribution of the educated person to economic.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.39
In India, the ministries of education at the union and state level, departments of education and various organisations like National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) facilitate institutions which come under the education sector. Similarly, the ministries of health at the union and state level, departments of health and various organisations like the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) facilitate institutions which come under the health sector.

Answer 20.
1. Development of the productive resources of each locality.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.40
2. Development of human resources includ­inliteracycy more specifically, Female literacy, education and skill development and public health.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.41
4. Infrastructure development like irrigation, marketing, electricity, transportation facilities and facilities for agriculture research and extension and information facilities.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.42
5. Special measures for alleviation of poverty and bringing about significant improvement in the living conditions of the weaker section of the population emphasizing access to productive employ­ment opportunities. All this means that farmers also need to be given opportuni­ties to diversify into various non-farm productive activities such as food processing.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.43

Answer 21.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.44

Answer 22.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.45

Answer 23.
Multiple Bar Diagram
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.46

Answer 24
Impact of Economic Reforms Process on Indian Agricultural Sector.
The agricultural sector is the mainstay of the rural Indian economy around which socio-economic privileges and deprivations revolve, and any change in its structure is likely to have a corre­sponding impact on the existing pattern of social equality. No strategy of economic reform can succeed without sustained and broad-based agricultural development, which is critical for

  • raising living standards,
  • alleviating poverty,
  • assuring food security,
  • generating a buoyant market for expansion of industry and services, and
  • making a substantial contribution to the national economic growth.

Although there has been much theorising on the impact of India’s economic reforms of 1991 on Indian manufacturers. Most firms felt that the reforms were helpful by increasing access to foreign technology and making imports of capital and inter­mediate goods cheaper. They also felt that improvement in infrastructure and more flexible labour laws will facilitate further growth of India’s manufacturing sector.

VIEWPOINTS OF PARTICULAR INDU­STRIES REGARDING THE IMPACT OF REFORMS OF  1990s

  • Textiles and clothing
  • Wood products
  • Rubber and plastics products
  • Chemicals including pharmaceutical products
  • Metal products
  • Automobile and automotive parts

Answer 25.
Energy is a crucial component of economic infrastructure as it is the basic input that is required to sustain economic growth. There is a powerful relationship between economic development and energy consumption. When the country is more developed, it has a higher per capita of energy consumption and vice- versa. Conventional sources of energy are the most important sources of energy.
These are the two major sources of energy:

Conventional sources of energy

  • Commercial source
  • Non-commercial source

Non-Conventional sources of energy

  • Power and electricity
  • Health

Growing Energy needs

The most common sources of conventional energy are coal, petroleum, natural gas. They account for about 90% of the world’s production of commercial energy, hydro­electric and nuclear power accounting for only 10%.

Statistics

  • Oil-39.5%
  • Natural gas-19.6%
  • Coal-30.3%
  • Hydroelectric- 6.7%
  • Nuclear-3.9%.

Commercial energy consumption in developed countries has increased at a high rate during the last 3-4 decades. More than 80% of the total world consumption of energy is by them which account for only 30% of the world population. On the contrary, 20% of the energy is consumed by 70% of the world ‘* population in developing countries.

Answer 26.
Ozone depletion.
Ozone depletion and the ozone hole have generated worldwide concern over increased cancer risks and other negative effects. The ozone layer prevents most harmful UVB wavelengths of ultraviolet light (UV light) from passing through the Earth’s atmos­phere. These wavelengths.cause skin cancer, sunburn, and cataracts, which were projected to increase dramatically as a result of thinning ozone, as well as harming plants and animals

1. Water pollution: Water pollution has many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers.

2. Air pollution: Air pollution in India is a serious issue with the major sources being fuelwood and biomass burning, fuel adulteration, vehicle emission, and traffic congestion

3. Solid waste pollution: Trash and garbage is a common sight in urban and rural areas of India. It is a major source of pollution. Indian cities alone generate more than 100 million tons of solid waste a year.

4. Noise pollution: The Supreme Court of India gave a significant verdict on noise pollution in 2005. Unnecessary honking of vehicles makes for a high decibel level of noise in cities.

Answer 27.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.47
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.48
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.49
Answer 28.
Plus One Economics Improvement Question Paper 2018.50

Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!