Kerala Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Paper 2018
Time Allowed: 2 hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum Marks: 60
Answer Question number 1, which carries 5 scores.
Match the columns ‘B’ and ‘C’ with column ‘A’.
|a. Mean||Equity in agriculture||No correlation|
|b. Land reforms||r = 0||Ayurveda|
|c. China||Median||Land ceiling|
|d. The coefficient of correlation||Yoga||Commune system|
|e. Ayush||Growth due to manufacturing||Mode|
Answer all questions from question numbers 2 to 6. Each carry 1 score
The stage of demographic transition prevailed in India before 1921 was…………
a. First state
b. Second stage
c. Third stage
d. None of the above 1921
Operation flood is connected with………….
a. fish production
b. food grains production
c. milk production
d. vegetable production
Non-sampling error can be minimized by taking……
a. small sample
b. large sample
c. medium sample
d. None of these
Frequency distribution of two variables is known as……….
a. Univariate distribution
b Bivariate distribution
c. Multivariate distribution
d. None of these
The index number is used in India to measure the changes in retail prices.
a. Consumer price index
b. Wholesale price index
c. Producer price index.
d. None of these
Answer all questions from question numbers 7 to 11. Each carries 2 scores.
Now India is one of the industrially growing economies in the World. In light of this, analyze the state of the industrial sector during the British Period in India.
Unemployment is one of the major hurdles in India’s growth path. In this context, differentiate the concepts of open unemployment and disguised unemployment.
National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) is a national level agency to collect process and tabulate the statistical data. Find the other two national level agencies.
Statistics is an indispensable tool for an economist. It helps him to understand an economic problem. List the other two uses
India and Pakistan followed similar development strategies in many areas. Identify any four.
Answer any 6 questions from question numbers 12 to 18. Each carries 3 scores.
The Government of India has replaced planning commission with a new institution named NITI Aayog (National Institution for Trans¬forming India) Economic planning should have some clearly specific goals. Briefly analyze any three major goals of economic planning.
Census method and sampling survey are generally used to collect the data. Being an economics student, point out the three merits of census method student, point out the three merits of census method.
Draw a pie diagram based on the following data.
|Course||No. of Students|
Calculate the simple aggregative price index
|2010 (P0)||2015 (P1)|
The following are the steps towards making a project. Arrange them orderly. Choice of the target group, Conclusion, Organization and presentation of data, Analysis and interpretation Collection of data, Identifying a problem on an area of study.
The Government of India adopted three dimensional approaches to attack poverty in the country. Briefly analyze the third approach of “Provide minimum basic facilities to the people”.
Poverty means not having enough money for basic needs such as food, drinking water, shelter or toilets. Briefly explain the major causes of poverty in India. How do you measure it?
Answer any 4 questions from question numbers 19 to 23. Each carries 4 scores.
Under the various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14. On this context analyze the education sector in India.
Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well being of people living in rural areas. Specify the areas which are challenging and need fresh initiatives for rural development.
Convert the inclusive method into an exclusive method in the table given below and fill up the other columns based on the exclusive classes.
The following table shows the scores obtained by 5 dancers in a dance competition. Find the rank correlation coefficient.
Draw a multiple bar diagram
Answer any 2 question from question numbers 27 to 29 .Each carries 8 scores.
The Government of India started economic reforms in 1991. After 25 years of its inception, being a student of Economics analyze the impact of economic reforms in the sectors of agriculture and industry in India.
Energy is one of the major inputs for economic development. Prepare a note on the conventional and nonconventional sources of energy and their consumption in India
Answer any 2 questions from question numbers 27 to 29. Each carries 8 scores.
Environment and sustainable development are interconnected. The environmental issues arises due to the developmental activities in the country which directly threatens India’s environment. Explain.
(Hints: Sustainable development, India’s environment, Global warming, Ozone, Depletion, Pollutions etc.)
Calculate the Arithmetic Mean, Median, and Mode from the following data
Calculate the standard deviation and coefficient of variation! from the following data.
|b. Land reforms||Equity in agriculture||Land ceiling|
|c. China||Growth due to manufacturing||Commune system|
|d. The coefficient of correlation||r = 0||No correlation|
Consumer Price Index
We saw earlier in the British economic policy in India had twin objectives of converting India into a source of raw material for British industry and a market for British industry.
Impact on the industrial sector.
- The result was the destruction of Indian handicrafts and massive unemployment.
- The machine made goods of Britain were cheaper than Indian handicrafts products.
- This led to the substitution of local products with foreign goods. Thus India becomes a good market for British goods.
- The growth rate in the industrial sector was low.
- During the British period, the capital goods industry did not develop.
- The contribution of industry to the GDP level continued to remain low during the British period.
- Open employment refers to the situation in which an individual has no job and unable to earn his livelihood.
- This unemployment is; clearly visible.
- People’s unemployment will affect the production of goods and services in an economy.
- Country’s labor force does not get opportunities for adequate employment
- In Open Employment the landless agricultural laborers in rural areas face this.
- Disguised unemployment refers to the situation in which people work at a place where there is no more people are required.
- This unemployment is hidden.
- People’s unemployment won’t affect the production of goods and services because here already more than the requirement of people are working so if they leave that’s not a big deal.
- The work is not constantly available or too many people are employed for the same work that does not require so many hands.
- This is generally found in an unorganized sector where either work is not constantly available or too many people are employed for the same work that does not require so many hands.
- National Sample Survey Organization
- Central Statistical Organisation
- Labour Bureau
- Statistics is an indispensable tool for economists. Because it enables on the environment to present economic facts in a precise and definite form that nips in proper comprehension of what is stated.
- Statistics is nips in considering the mass of data into a few numerical measures such as (mean, variance etc.) These nominal resources help summarise data.
- It helps in the establishment of a correlation between the two facts
1. India and Pakistan both started their development process on economic planning after getting independence in 1947.
2. Both of them have adopted the mixed economic system involving the co-existence of both the public and the private sector.
3. Both of them introduced economic reforms around the same time to strengthen their economies. Pakistan initiated reforms in 1988 and India followed in 1991.
4. They both have announced First Five Year plans for growth and development
5. Both the countries relied more on the public sector for initiating the process of growth and development.
Goals of NITI Aayog
- To evolve a shared vision of national development priorities sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives.
- To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation.
- To develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government.
To ensure, on areas that are specifically referred to it, that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy.
- To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefiting adequately from economic progress.
- To design strategic and long-term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learned through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections.
A complete enumeration of all the items in an in the population is known as Census survey. It is also known as complete enumeration method.
- The result obtained will be highly accurate and more reliable.,
- This method is free from sampling errors.
- All the characters are the universe and are maintained in the original.
- Collected data is useful for further studies
- We can study each unit in details, under this method
|2010 (P0)||2015 (P1)|
- Identify a problem on an area of study
- Choice of the target group
- Collection of data
- Organisation & Presentation of data
- Analysis and Interpretation
Social security measure
1. Rural Employment Generation Programme: It is implemented through the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), To help eligible entrepreneurs to set up village industry units. Under this programme, entrepreneurs can establish village industries by availing of margin money assistance from KVIC and loans from public sector scheduled commercial banks, selected regional rural banks. Under REGP, bank appraises the projects as per the scheme and take credit decision.
2. Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY): In this programme help to set up any kind of enterprise that generates employment for the educated unemployed from low-income families in rural and urban areas.
Lack of infrastructure
3. Swama Jayanthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY): The urban self-employment Programme and the Urban Wage Employment Programme are two special scheme of the SJSRY, initiated in December 1997.
The following are the measures to solve the problem of poverty in a village like that of mine.
The poverty line is the cut-off point which divides population as poor and non-poor. The cutoff point can be on a line of distribution of income. People whose incomes are below the poverty line are poor and those whose incomes are above the poverty line are non-poor. This measures of poverty are known as the headcount ratio. Because we are counting the number of heads below the poverty line.
Education provides knowledge to understand changes in society and scientific advancements, thus, facilitate inventions and innovations, Similarly, the availability of educated labour force facilitates adaptation to new technologies. Economic growth means the increase in real national income of a country; naturally, the contribution of the educated person to economic.
In India, the ministries of education at the union and state level, departments of education and various organisations like National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) facilitate institutions which come under the education sector. Similarly, the ministries of health at the union and state level, departments of health and various organisations like the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) facilitate institutions which come under the health sector.
1. Development of the productive resources of each locality.
2. Development of human resources includinliteracycy more specifically, Female literacy, education and skill development and public health.
4. Infrastructure development like irrigation, marketing, electricity, transportation facilities and facilities for agriculture research and extension and information facilities.
5. Special measures for alleviation of poverty and bringing about significant improvement in the living conditions of the weaker section of the population emphasizing access to productive employment opportunities. All this means that farmers also need to be given opportunities to diversify into various non-farm productive activities such as food processing.
Multiple Bar Diagram
Impact of Economic Reforms Process on Indian Agricultural Sector.
The agricultural sector is the mainstay of the rural Indian economy around which socio-economic privileges and deprivations revolve, and any change in its structure is likely to have a corresponding impact on the existing pattern of social equality. No strategy of economic reform can succeed without sustained and broad-based agricultural development, which is critical for
- raising living standards,
- alleviating poverty,
- assuring food security,
- generating a buoyant market for expansion of industry and services, and
- making a substantial contribution to the national economic growth.
Although there has been much theorising on the impact of India’s economic reforms of 1991 on Indian manufacturers. Most firms felt that the reforms were helpful by increasing access to foreign technology and making imports of capital and intermediate goods cheaper. They also felt that improvement in infrastructure and more flexible labour laws will facilitate further growth of India’s manufacturing sector.
VIEWPOINTS OF PARTICULAR INDUSTRIES REGARDING THE IMPACT OF REFORMS OF 1990s
- Textiles and clothing
- Wood products
- Rubber and plastics products
- Chemicals including pharmaceutical products
- Metal products
- Automobile and automotive parts
Energy is a crucial component of economic infrastructure as it is the basic input that is required to sustain economic growth. There is a powerful relationship between economic development and energy consumption. When the country is more developed, it has a higher per capita of energy consumption and vice- versa. Conventional sources of energy are the most important sources of energy.
These are the two major sources of energy:
Conventional sources of energy
- Commercial source
- Non-commercial source
Non-Conventional sources of energy
- Power and electricity
Growing Energy needs
The most common sources of conventional energy are coal, petroleum, natural gas. They account for about 90% of the world’s production of commercial energy, hydroelectric and nuclear power accounting for only 10%.
- Natural gas-19.6%
- Hydroelectric- 6.7%
Commercial energy consumption in developed countries has increased at a high rate during the last 3-4 decades. More than 80% of the total world consumption of energy is by them which account for only 30% of the world population. On the contrary, 20% of the energy is consumed by 70% of the world ‘* population in developing countries.
Ozone depletion and the ozone hole have generated worldwide concern over increased cancer risks and other negative effects. The ozone layer prevents most harmful UVB wavelengths of ultraviolet light (UV light) from passing through the Earth’s atmosphere. These wavelengths.cause skin cancer, sunburn, and cataracts, which were projected to increase dramatically as a result of thinning ozone, as well as harming plants and animals
1. Water pollution: Water pollution has many sources. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers.
2. Air pollution: Air pollution in India is a serious issue with the major sources being fuelwood and biomass burning, fuel adulteration, vehicle emission, and traffic congestion
3. Solid waste pollution: Trash and garbage is a common sight in urban and rural areas of India. It is a major source of pollution. Indian cities alone generate more than 100 million tons of solid waste a year.
4. Noise pollution: The Supreme Court of India gave a significant verdict on noise pollution in 2005. Unnecessary honking of vehicles makes for a high decibel level of noise in cities.