Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Paper 2017

Kerala Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Paper 2017

Time Allowed: 2 hours
Cool off time: 15 Minutes
Maximum Marks: 60

General Instructions to Candidates :

  • There is a ‘cool off time’ of 15 minutes in addition to the writing time of 2 hrs.
  • Your are not allowed to write your answers nor to discuss anything with others during the ‘cool off time’.
  • Use the ‘cool off time’ to get familiar with the questions and to plan your answers.
  • Read questions carefully before you answering.
  • All questions are compulsory and only internal choice is allowed.
  • When you select a question, all the sub-questions must be answered from the same question itself.
  • Calculations, figures and graphs should be shown in the answer sheet itself.
  • Malayalam version of the questions is also provided.
  • Give equations wherever necessary.
  • Electronic devices except non programmable calculators are not allowed in the Examination Hall.

Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018

Question 1.
Worker population ratio is……………
a. Population / Worker
b. Worker / Population
c. Population / Worker X 100
d. Worker/Population X 100
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.32

Question 2.
List any four effects which ‘the miracle seeds’ created in Indian agriculture.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.1

Question 3.
For a classroom discussion Ashna collected the following information about present In­dia.
a. Infant, mortality rate – 45
b. Life expenctancy-66.4
c. Overall literacy level 74.04
d. Compare them with the British period and comments.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.2

Question 4.
Demographic data on birth and death rates in India, a collected and published by………………
a. RG
b. NSSO
c. CSO
d. Labour Bureau
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.4

Question 5.
Distinguish between bar diagram and histo­gram. (Hint: Not to draw diagrams)
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.5

Question 6.
The various ranks secured by Merin and Kanchana in four medical entrance examinations are
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.6
Calculate the rank correlation and interpret the result.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.7

Question 7.
Find the one which is NOT measured for im­proving agricultural market system.
a. Adoption of green revolution
b. Assurance of minimum support price
c. Maintenance of buffer stock
d. Public distribution system
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.33

Question 8.
a. Name the system of farming that restores, maintain and enhance Ecological balance,
b. Point out any three merits of it.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.8

Question 9.
Prepare an essay on various policies and pro­grams towards poverty alleviation in India. Do you find any faults in the implementation of these programs? Substantiate.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.9

Question 10.
A value of correlation coefficient (r) =+1.2 in­dicates
a. Perfect+ve correlation
b. High degree of +ve correlation
c. Low degree of +ve correlation
d. Error in calculation
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.10

Question 11.
Identify the names of the steps in a project to which you can include the following statisti­cal tools you have studied.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.11
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.12
Question 12.
State the two senses in which the word ‘sta­tistics’ is used. Elucidate.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.13

Question 13.
An import substitution policy.
a. Increase in the tax on imported goods
b. Fixing of quotas
c. Enlarge domestic production
d. All of these
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.14

Question 14.
a. Name the outcome of the two policy strat­egies of liberalization and privatization,
b. Do you think that Indian agriculture sec­tor was adversely affected by the reform process? Justify.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.15

Question 15.
State to which country the following demo­graphic features belongs to.
(Hint: India, China or Pakistan)
a. Highest annual growth of population
b. Lowest population density.
c. Less urbanization
d. High fertility rate
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.36
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.37

Question 16.
Observe the graph. It is……..
a. Uni-modal data
b. Bi-model data
c. Multi-modal data
d. None of these
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.31

Question 17.
Calculate the Consumer Price Index (CPI)
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.34

Question 18.
“Most of the surveys conducted in India are sample surveys”.
Prepare any three reasons to support the above statement.”
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.35

Question 19.
Which is NOT a pair?
a. Tapas Majumdar Committee’ – Education
b. Brundtland Commission – Sustainable de­velopment
c. Karve Committee-Agriculture
d. VKRVRao-National income estimation
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.16
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.17

Question 20.
a. Name the relative measure of standard de­viation.
b. Define SD.
c. Calculate the standard deviation from the following data:
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.18

Question 21.
Do India faces challenges in the power sec­tor? Elucidate.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.19
Question 22.
For conducting a survey among 200 house­holds, Anumitha has written the names of all 200 households on pieces of paper, mixed well and 20 names are selected one by one. It is
a. Census method
b. Random sampling
c. Nonrandom sampling
d. None of these
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.20

Question 23.
While preparing a frequency distribution from the raw data, name the questions we have to address. Briefly, explain in 1 % pages. (Hint: Four steps in the construction of a frequency distribution)
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.21

Question 24.
The heights (in cm) of 11 plants in a garden are
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.22
a. Choose the mode.
b.Calculate the mean and median height of the plants, by using the equations.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.23

Question 25.
Which one of the following statements is NOT TRUE about the employment sector in India?
a. 93% workers are in the informal sector.
b. 50% of the workers are self- employed.
c. Disguised and seasonal unemployment exist in the Indian farm sector.
d. During 1972-2010 there was a movement of workers from casual wage to self-empl­oyment.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.24

Question 26.
Define the term, ‘Sustainable development’. Suggest various strategies for attaining it in two pages.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.25

Question 27.
Express your view in the following aspects with reference to the present human capital formation in India.
a. Education for all
b. Gender equity
c. Higher education
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.26

Question 28.
The current and base year prices of a group of commodities are Rs. 180 and Rs. 135 re­spectively. It shows
a. price is said to have risen by 38.33%
b. price is decreased by 33.33%
c. price is increased by 133.33%
d. none of these
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.27

Answers

Answer 1.
Worker /population X 100

Answer 2.

  • Enable India to attain sufficiency in food grains.
  • Increased market surplus
  • Large-scale increase in production
  • Price of food grains declined.
  • Government procured surplus products for future use.

Answer 3.
a. 218/1000
b. 32 years
c. Less than 16 %

Answer 4.
RGI (also give merits for NSSO)

Answer 5.

Bar diagram Histogram
Bar diagram comprised agro up of equispaced A histogram is a two dimen­sional diagram
Equal width rectangular bars The width may be different
Space is left between adjacent bar No space is left
Draw for discrete and
con­tinues variables.
Drawn for continuous vari­able only
Not help to determine any average Help to determine made

Answer 6.

R1 Exams R2 Rank of Merin Rank of Kanchana (D = R1 R2) d2
KEAM 1 2 -1 1
AIPMT 3 4 -1 1
JIPMER 2 4 -1 1
ALLMS 4 1 3 9
12

Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.28

Answer 7.
a. Adoption of green revolution

Answer 8.
a. Organic farming
b. Substitute with locally produced and or­ganic inputs

  • More nutritional value
  • Pesticide-free
  • Highly international demand
  • Environment-friendly

Answer 9.
1. Rural Employment Generation Programme.
It is implemented through the Khadi and vil­lage Industries Commission (KVIC), To help eligible enterpreneurs to set up village indus­try units. Under this programme, enterpre­neurs can establish village industries by avail­ing of margin money assistance from KVIC and loans from public sector scheduled com­mercial banks, selected regional rural banks. Under REGP, bank appraises the projects as per the scheme and take credit decision.

2. Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY): In this programme help to set up any kind of enterprise that generates employment to the educated unemployed from low income fami­lies in rural and urban areas.

3. Swarna Jayanthi Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)
The urban self-employment Programme and the urban Wage Employment Programme are two special scheme of the SJSRY, initiated in December 1997.

4. National Food for Work Programme (NFWP)
This Programme was introduced February 2001 for five months and was further extend­ed. This programe aims at augmenting food security through wage employment in droug­ht affected rural areas.

5. Swarna Jay at hi Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SJGSY)

It was launched with effect from 1999. As a result of amalgamating certain erstwhile prog­rammes into a single self-employment pro­gramme. This programme aims at promoting micro-enterprises and helping the rural poor into Self Help Groups(SHG). This scheme cov­ers all aspect of self-employment.

6. Mid Day Meals Scheme: In this programme involves provision for free lunch on working days for children in primary and upper primary classes in government education centers. The primary objective of the scheme is to provide hot cooked meal to children of primary and upper primary.

7. National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP): It was introduced on 15 August 1995 as a 100% centrally sponsored scheme for social assistance to poor household affected by old age, death of primary bread earner and mater­nity.

8. Pradhan Mantri Gramodya Yojana (PMGY): It was started in 2001. It aims at improving the standard of living of the rural people by de­veloping five important area health primary education, drinking water, housing and roads.

9. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY): It was nationwide plan in india to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages. The scheme has started to change the lifestyle of many villagers.

10.Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY): It was introduced in 2001. Jawahar Gram Samridhi yojana and Employment Assurance Scheme were intergrated into a single yojana. The objective of this yojana is to provide em­ployment opportunity to the surplus Workers. Through the policy towards poverty alleviati­on has evolved in a progressive manner but over the last five and a half decades it has not undergone any radical transformation.

The three major area of concern which preve­nt the successful implementation of the progra­ms, they are:

  1. These program depend mainly on govern­ment and bank officials for their implementa­tion since such officials are ill motivated, the resources are inefficiently used and wasted.
  2. Unequal distribution of land and other as­sets due to the benefits have been availed by the non-poor.
  3. In comparison to the magnitude of poverty, the amount of resource allocated for these programmes is not sufficient.

Answer 10.
Error in calculation

Answer 11.
b. Analysis on interpretation
c. organisation or presentation of data

Answer 12.
In the plural sense:- statitics refers to the sys­tematic collection of numerical facts. It indic­ated information in terms of numbers or nume­rical data such as employment statistics and population statistics.
In the singular sense:- statistics refers to the science of studying statistical methods. It indic­ates the techniques or methods of collecting organising, presenting analysing and inter­preting data.

Answer 13.
d. All of these

Answer 14.
a. Globalisation
b. Yes, Reduction of public investment. There has been a drastic decrease in the volume of public investment. In the agricultural sector. There has been an acute outback from the Indian government to provide. Sufficient irri­gation facilities, electricity information sys­tem, market linkages and roads.
Removal at subsidies removal subsidies on fertilisers pushed up the cost of production of agriculture. This made forming more expen­sive, thereby, adversely affecting the poor and marginal farmers.                Shift towards cash crops and lack of food grai­ns. The export-oriented production strategies led to the shift of agricultural production from food grains to the production of cash crops like cotton jute etc.
Liberalisation and reduction in impart duties on agricultural products. Due to adherence to the to commitment, Indian government re­duced impart duties on agricultural products that forced the poor and marginal farmers to complete with their foreign countries part in international markets.

Answer 15.
a. Pakistan
b. China
c. India
d. Pakistan

Answer 16.
b. Bi-modaldata

Answer 17.

Item Weight(4%) Base year price Current year price
food 50 2000 3000
cloth 15 1000 1200
fuel 25 400 700
Rent 10 500 600
Item Weight W Base year Price Current year Price R
p1/p0l00
WR
food 50 2000 3000 150 7500
cloth 15 1000 1200 120 1800
fuel 25 400 700 175 4375
Rent 10 500 600 120 1200
Total 100 14875

Consumer price index = \(\cfrac { \Sigma WR }{ \Sigma W } =\cfrac { 14875 }{ 100 } =148.75\)

Answer 18.

  • A sample can give recomable, reliable and accurate informations.
  • Lower cost
  • Shorter time
  • More detailed information can be collected as sample is less than population.
  • Need smaller loan of enumerators
  • Easier to trains and supervise the enum­erators

Answer 19.
c. Karve Committee – Agriculture

Answer 20.
a. Coefficient of variables
b. Standard Deviation
Standard Deviation: is the positive square root of the mean of squared deviations from mean.
So if there are five values X1, X2, X3,X4and X5, first their mean is calculated. Then devia­tions of the values from mean are calculated. These deviation are then squared. The mean of these squared deviations is the variance. Positive square root of the variance is the standard deviation.
c.

Marks No.of students X d(x-5) fd fd2
(Fd x d)
0-10 3 5 -30 -90 2700
10-20 5 15 -20 -250 2000
20-30 6 25 -10 100 600
3040 8 35 0 0 0
40-50 10 45 10 100 1000
50-60 1 55 20 20 400
60-70    5 65 30 360  10800
70-80 5 75 40 200 8000
50 430 25,500

Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.29
Answer 21.
Yes.

  • Installed capacity to generate electricity is not sufficient to feed the annual demand of 7%
  • State electricity board are running is losses of Rs,’ 500 billion transmission and distri­bution loss, wrong price, inefficiency etc.
  • Challenge from the part of the private sector and foreign power generates.
  • General public interest due to high tariff and long power

Answer 22.
b. Random sampling

Answer 23.

  • Find the range of data
  • Decide the approximate number of classes
  • Determine the approximate class interval size
  • Decide the starting point
  • Determine the remaining class limits
  • Distribute the data into respective classes.

Answer 24.
Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers 2018.30

Answer 25.
During 1972 -2010 there was a movement of workless from casual wage to self-empl­oyment.

Answer 26.
It refers to the development strategy to inte­rruption till the resource extraction was not above the rate of regeneration of the resource and the wastes generated were within the assimilating capacity of the environment But today, environment fails to perform its third and vital function of the substance resulting in an environmental crisis. The rising popula­tion of the developing countries and the af­fluent consumption and production stand­ards of the developed world have placed huge stress on the environment in terms of its first two functions.

Strategies for sustainable Development.

1. Use of a non-conventional source of energy: – India heavily, depends on the hydropower plants to meet its power needs. Both of the­se have adverse environmental impacts. Thermal power plants emit large quantities of carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas. It is not used properly.

2. Bio-Composting:-Inorder to increase pro­duction, we have started using chemical fertilisers which are adversely affecting the waterbodies, groundwater system, etc. But again farmers in large numbers have started using organic fertilisers for production.

3. Mini-Hydel Plants:- Mountainous region have streams everywhere, Most of such streams are perennial. Mini-hydel plants use the energy of such streams to move small turbines which generates electrici­ty. Such power plants are more or less envi­ronment friendly.

4. Traditional Knowledge and Practices:- Traditionally, Indian people have close to their environment. If we look back at our agriculture system, healthcare system, ho­using, transport, etc we find that all prac­tices have been environment-friendly.

5. Biopest Control:-With the advent of Gre­en Revolution, the country entered into the use of chemical pesticides to produce more which laid the adverse impacts on soil, wa­ter bodies, milk, meat, and fishes. To meet this challenge, better methods of pest control should be brought. One step is pesti­cides based on plants like neem. Even many animals also help in controlling pests like snakes, peacocks, etc.

6. CNG in Urban Areas:- In Delhi, the use of Compressed Natural Gas as fuel in the public transport system has significantly low­ered air pollution and the air has become cleaner in the last few years.

Answer 27.
a. It is still a dream
b. Better than before
c. A few takes

Answer 28.
d.None of these

Plus One Economics Previous Year Question Papers and Answers

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