Students can Download Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside Exploring Official Archives Notes, Plus Two History Notes helps you to revise the complete Kerala State Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.
Kerala Plus Two History Notes Chapter 10 Colonialism and the Countryside Exploring Official Archives
1. British colonialism was first established in Bengal. After the Battle of Buxarin in 1764, the British became the real power in Bengal. Therefore the first efforts to organize village communities were first begun here.
The English East India Company enforced many new land-owning and land tax systems. The Permanent Settlement (Zamindari system), Ryotwari System,- Mahalwari system, etc. were Some of them. The most important of these – the Permanent Settlement – was applied first in Bengal and Bihar. In the early years of the Company rule, it brought many changes in Bengal.
2. In 1813, a report about the administration and activities of the East India Company was submitted to the British Parliament. This is known as the 5th Report. Before this, 4 such reports had already been submitted. Since it was the 5th of its kind, it was called the 5th Report.
3. British rule in India was started in Bengal. From there, it spread to the other parts of India. But the British had no interest in trying Permanent Settlement of the land tax in other parts of the country. Therefore outside Bengal Systems like Ryotwari and Mahalwari were enforced.
- 1765: English East India Company gains the right ‘ to collect taxes (diwani) in Bengal.
- 1773: British Parliament passes Regulatory Act to y control the working of East India Company.
- 1793: Permanent Settlement was introduced in Bengal.
- 1000s: Santhals come to the Rajmahal Hills and live in the place.
- 1818: In Bombay Deccan first land revenue system is introduced.
- 1820s: Price of agricultural products comes down.
- 1840-50: Agriculture develops in Bombay Deccan on a small scale.
- 1855-56: Santhal Revolt
- 1861: Rise in the cotton trade
- 1875: Peasant revolts in Deccan villages